Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS)

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS)
15 de ene. de 2024 · 6m 41s

-If you found this information useful, be sure to leave a 5 star review and subscribe so you can enjoy future episodes! -Support the show patreon.com/brainbyai -Always consult your doctor...

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-If you found this information useful, be sure to leave a 5 star review and subscribe so you can enjoy future episodes!
-Support the show patreon.com/brainbyai
-Always consult your doctor and do not rely solely on medical advice given by this podcast.

TMS stands for Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation, a non-invasive neurostimulation technique used in both clinical and research settings to modulate brain activity. TMS involves the use of a magnetic field to induce electric currents in specific areas of the brain, affecting the neuronal activity in those regions. This technique has applications in the treatment of certain psychiatric and neurological disorders, as well as in neuroscience research.Here are key aspects of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation:
  1. Procedure:
    • Equipment: TMS devices consist of a coil that generates a magnetic field. There are different types of coils, with the figure-eight coil being commonly used for its focused stimulation.
    • Stimulation: During a TMS session, the coil is placed near the scalp, and a rapidly changing magnetic field is generated, inducing electrical currents in the targeted brain region.
  2. Applications:
    • Depression: TMS has been FDA-approved for the treatment of major depressive disorder in cases where traditional treatments, such as medication and therapy, have been ineffective.
    • Other Psychiatric Disorders: Research is ongoing to explore TMS as a potential treatment for various psychiatric disorders, including bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).
    • Neurological Disorders: TMS is also being investigated for its potential therapeutic effects in conditions such as migraine, Parkinson's disease, and stroke rehabilitation.
    • Research Tool: In neuroscience research, TMS is utilized to understand brain functions, map cortical areas, and explore the relationships between brain regions and specific cognitive functions.
  3. Types of TMS:
    • Repetitive TMS (rTMS): Involves repeated pulses of magnetic stimulation. It is often used in therapeutic applications, such as the treatment of depression.
    • Theta Burst Stimulation (TBS): A specific pattern of TMS pulses designed to induce changes in cortical excitability more rapidly than traditional rTMS.
  4. Safety and Side Effects:
    • TMS is generally considered safe, with minimal side effects. Common side effects may include mild headache or discomfort at the stimulation site. Serious adverse effects are rare.
    • The safety guidelines for TMS include ensuring that individuals with certain medical conditions or metal implants are carefully screened before undergoing the procedure.
  5. Limitations:
    • While TMS has shown promise in the treatment of certain disorders, its effects can be temporary, and ongoing or maintenance sessions may be necessary.
    • The optimal stimulation parameters and protocols are still areas of active research, and the technique is not a one-size-fits-all solution.
TMS represents a dynamic area of neuroscience and clinical research, with ongoing investigations into its therapeutic potential and further refinement of stimulation protocols.
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